Research Activities of Agricultural Engineering
|Teaching ||M.Tech, Agril.Engg (Soil Water Engineering) |
|Research||Design & development of gravity fed micro-irrigation system, Application of plastic for aquaculture Offset rotary tiller development for casin preparation of apple & stone fruit trees, design & development of walnut cracker and de-huler |
|Extension|| demonstration of improved gender friendly tools fro famale workers and farm women.|
The Division has presently large number of research schemes financed by state government and Indian Council of Agricultural research. The mechanization of various field operations and popularization of technologies amongst the farmers developed under various project is being done through different extension activities. Large number of technologies developed by the division have been adopted by the farmers. The division is also engaged in fabrication and sale of prototypes under strict quality control for their large scale popularization among the farming community.
To undertake adaptive, applied and basic research in different aspects of Agricultural Engineering for temperate and cold arid zones relating to natural resource development and conservation increasing agricultural production and productivity without drudgery, on-farm post-harvest technology and value addition, transport and management.
To apply engineering principles and practices to rural life with urban amenities improving quality of living, curbing migration to urban areas.
To transfer field worthy technologies to the farmers, craftsmen and manufacturers facilitating agricultural mechanization in the region on-farm agro-processing generating income and employment.
To act as repository of information on aspects of Agricultural Engineering and Technology and their appropriate dissemination for socio-economic development.
To excel in teaching, research and extension education in agricultural engineering. The division is committed to benefit the state by helping the farming community through mechanization of agriculture and, hence, by increasing the farm production through the conservation and management of natural resources
Research Projects Completed
Name of the P.I/CoPI
Date of start
Date of Completion
Externally Funded Project
Development of Small Tools & Equipments for Mechanized Hill Farming.
Er. Junaid N. A Khan, & Er. N. C. Shahi
Prototype Feasibility Testing of Farm implements & Machinery in selected regions of Jammu & Kashmir
Er. Jagvir Dixit & Er. N. C. Shahi
Anthropometric survey of Agricultural workers of Kashmir and Ladakh regions of J&K State for safe and efficient design of agricultural Equipments.
Er. Jagvir Dixit & Er.N. C. Shahi
RCM Funded projects
Development and performance of portable charring kiln and extruder to prepare rural kitchen fuel using crop residue.
Er. Jagvir Dixit , Er N. C. Shahi & Er. Junaid N. Khan
Performance evaluation of light weight power tiller (5.5 H.P.) in valley and terraced lands of the region for different Agricultural operations.
Er. Jagvir Dixit & Er. N. C. Shahi
Performance Evaluation of Manually Operated Maize Planter.
Er. N. C. Shahi & Er. Junaid N. Khan
Ongoining Reserach Projects
Name of the P.I/CoPI
Date of start
Targeted Date of Completion
AlCRP on APA
Round the year vegetable production using greenhouse technology in Kashmir valley.
Er. N. C. Shahi , Dr. Nazir Ahmed & Er. Junaid N. Khan
Standardization of agro- techniques for strawberry under controlled conditions.
Er. N. C. Shahi , Dr. Feeza Ahmed & Er. Sachin Dingre
Studies on dehydration of fruits and vegetables under green house condition.
Er. N. C. Shahi , Dr. Haroon. R. Naik & Er.Jagvir Dixit
Enhancement of apple shelf life through different packaging under different storage conditions.
Er. N. C. Shahi , Dr. Feeza Ahmed & Dr M. K. Sharma
Transferable Technology Developed
- Design and development of agricultural equipments suitable for the local conditions. More than a dozen of implements and tools for agriculture, horticulture, floriculture, vegetable cultivation etc. have been designed, developed, fabricated, demonstrated, popularized and sold out to the users.
Protective cultivation in the form of low cost walk in tunnel poly houses was found to be suitable for the temperate climatic conditions existing in the valley. During winter, warm temperatures inside the tunnels promoted plant growth, early flowering and harvesting and better yield, whereas in the open field, plants were dormant. Walk-in tunnel conditions enhanced the early production and harvesting time by 45 days.
The first fruit under walk in tunnel polyhouse was harvested on 17th March as compared to 2nd May 2006 in open field. The peak harvesting started under polyhouse from 27th March while open field had a peak harvesting on 4th of May.
The use of mulches also has a profound effect on the yield of strawberry. It was observed that the black mulch was superior over the hay mulch in terms of earliness and yield. The first harvesting of the ripened fruits in black plastic mulch started 2 and 16 days before the hay-mulch polyhouse and open field respectively.
Irrigation appliances like Sprinkler irrigation and drip irrigation were demonstrated and installed at different places including farmers fields.
Popularization of power tillers as an alternate source to animal power was done on a large scale. This helped in large scale mechanization in selected regions of the state and also mushroom growth of commercial market for the sale of power tillers.
In the area of processing of crops, Hop processing plants was installed and managed by the division which helped the hop growers of sumbal and Manasbal and save them from exploitation by middle men and brewers.
Development and fabrication of harvester for easing the operations of harvesting.Walnut harvesters, apple harvesters , scythes have been fabricated at the division . Demonstrations have also been carried of harvesters procured from different institutions for utilization by the farmers.
In order to pay the poor farmers the appropriate dues for their produce, a number of graders like walnut grader, tulip grader, saffron grader etc. have been designed, developed and fabricated at the division for use by the poor farmers. All the graders can be manually operated with simple pedaling operation.
Development of single bullock plough and horse plough has been extensively adopted by the farmers. A number of them have been already sold to the farmers at Wadura, Sopore.
Walnut crackers like cam operated walnut cracker and impact type walnut cracker have been developed and evaluation and feasibility testing of these implements is in progress.
Use of hydraulic rams for lifting of water in hilly regions of the state. Over the years a number of them have been installed at different locations of the state like Shalimar, Pattan, K.D. Farm, Ladakh, Kargil etc
Various bullock operated/ manually operated seed drills for sowing wide variety of crops like wheat, maize mustard, peas etc. have been developed at the division. In addition to this bullock operated Zero- till seed drill, Multi crop seed planter, Mustard seed drill, Ferti seed drill, Pea planter etc. have also been fabricated at the division.
As paddy is a major crop grown in the region a number of pedal operated/power tiller operated/motor operated paddy thrashers have been fabricated at the division to ease the operation of thrashing. Which show a considerable saving in time, labour and money in comparison to the traditional methods of thrashing.
A number of Solar dryers for saffron and walnut have been designed, fabricated and developed at the division the evaluation and feasibility testing of these dryers is in anvil.
In order to provide other alternatives to cumbersome process of harvesting self propelled reapers and tractor operated reapers have been demonstrated among the farmers for their popularization and large scale use by the farming community.
Scientific method of growing mat type paddy nursery and its subsequent transplanting by paddy transplanter has been tested and have shown very good results.
- Dixit, J.S. and Gupta, R.S.R. 2001. Effect of Tillage on Soil Physical Properties under Paddy-Wheat Cropping System.Ann. Pl. Soil. Res. 3(1): 65-69.
- Dixit, Jagvir et al. 2002. Effect of Sowing Depth, Seed Coverage and Stubble height on the Yield and Yield Attributes of Wheat Crop in No-Tillage Systems under Paddy-Wheat Crop Rotation.Agric. Sci. Digest. 22(1): 1-5.
- Dixit, Jagvir et al. 2003. No-Tillage and Conventional Tillage Systems Evaluation for Production of Wheat An Analysis. J. Agric. Res. 37(3): 199-203.
- Khan J. N. et. al.2003.Cost Effectiveness of manually operated intercultural equipments.National seminar on Revival of Green Revolution through Mechanization of dryland agriculture( RGRDM)
- Khan J. N. and Tahir Wahid. 2003.Intraseasonal Scheduling of water by making use of Dynamic programming Technique 17th National convention of Agricultural engineers and role of Agricultural engineers in water conservation held on December 12-13, kolkutta
- Wahid, Tahir, Dixit, Jagvir and N. C. Shahi.2003. Scope of zero-till seed cum fertilizer drill in dry land wheat crop production in Kashmir valley. Agril. Engg. Today. 27(5-6): 40-45
- Mir G. M., Balkhi A. and Lala N.A. 2004. Knowledge acquisition expert systems and neural networks. Published in the proceedings of INCON on Instrumentation pp 9-11
- Mir G. M., Balkhi A. and Lala N.A.2004. Use of information technology for exploration of business avenues. published in proceedings of Agri clinic & Agri business centre DEE, SKUAST-K pp: 385-391
- Mir G. M., Balkhi A. and Lala N.A. 2004. Ergonomics evaluation of agriculture machinery using modern approach. Paper presented and published in proceedings of Agri clinic & Agri business centre DEE, SKUAST-K pp: 403-405
- Khan J. N. and Tahir Wahid. 2004. Optimal Irrigation Scheduling under limited water resources. Paper presented at state level seminar on water resources management held on March 10-11 2004 sponsored by Division of environmental sciences SKUAST(K), Shalimar
- Dixit, Jagvir, Gupta, R.S.R. and Singh, Sukhbir. 2004. Techno-economic Feasibility of No-Till Seed Fertilizer Drill in Haryana State for Paddy-Wheat Rotation System. Agric. Sci. Digest.24(3): 182-185
- Dixit, Jagvir et al. 2004. No-Till Seed Cum Fertilizer Drill in Wheat Crop Production after Paddy Harvesting. Agric. Mech. Asia Afr. Latin Am. (AMA). 35(1): 19-22
- Dingre S., Shahi N. C. and Khan A. A. 2004. Predicting Precipitation Characteristic of Srinagar Region of Kashmir Valley. Journal of Water Management, vol. 12 (2) 2004 pp 71 - 74.
- Khan J. N. Afshan gul and Shahi N. C. 2005. Anthropometric Considerations for Tools and Equipments Design for the hilly regions of Jammu & Kashmir State. SKUAST(K) Journal of Research Vol : 7 No: 2 pp:208-213
- Dingre Sachin, Shahi Navin C. and Singh Sanjay Kr. 2005. Design and development of manually operated cone weeder. Progressive Agriculture (An International Journal), vol. 5 (1 & 2): 141 -143, 2005.
- Khan J.N and Lala N. A.2005. Design of Optimal Irrigation system at Royal Spring Golf course. National symposium on Water Management held at Water Technology Center, IARI, Pusa from 1-3 December 2005 pp :112-113
- Khan J. N. Tahir Wahid and Khalid Mushtaq. 2005. Design and economic feasibility of drip irrigation system for grapevines. Journal of oriental sciences University of Kashmir Vol 10(2) 156-159
- Khan J.N and Shahi N.C and Singh S. K. 2005. Cost effectiveness of intercultural Equipments. Progressive Agriculture Vol: 5 (1&2):152-154
- Khan J. N. Bhat K. M. and Want M. A. 2005. Optimal allocation of water to fruit tress by making use of micro irrigation system under temperate conditions. Journal of oriental sciences University of Kashmir Vol 10(2) 106-111
- Syed Z. H. and Khan J. N. 2006. Evaluation and standardization of paddy thrashing techniques. Journal of crop research Vol 32 No: 1: 124-127
- Dingre Sachin and Shahi Navin C. 2006. Consecutive days maximum rainfall prediction from one day maximum rainfall for Srinagar in Kashmir Valley. Indian Journal of Soil Conservation, 34(2) : 153-156, 2006
- Khan J. N.and Shahi N. C. 2006. Design and development of manually and motor operated walnut graders for on farm grading of walnuts. Agricultural Engineering Today Vol 30 (1-2): pp:11-16
- Singh, Sukhbir, Sharma, D. N., Dixit, Jagvir and Vatsa, D.K. 2006. Development and Performance Evaluation of a Test Rig for Mechanical Metering of Sunflower Seeds. Agric. Mech. Asia Afr. Latin Am. (AMA). 37(1): 18-24
- Dixit, Jagvir et al. 2006. Primary Investigation into the performance of Animal Drawn Puddler. Agric. Mech. Asia Afr. Latin Am. (AMA). 37(3): 94
- Dixit, Jagvir et al. 2006. Potential of Farm Mechanization in Jammu and Kashmir State of India-a Review. Agric. Mech. Asia Afr. Latin Am (AMA). 37(4):9-14.
- Dixit, Jagvir. 2006. Performance of CIAE animal drawn puddler in Kashmir valley. J. Agric. Engg. 43(3): 97-100
- Dixit, Jagvir. 2006. Performance of light-weight rotary tiller for different agricultural operations. J. Agric. Engg. 43(4): 98-103.
- Dingre Sachin, Shahi Navin C. and Singh Sanjay Kr. 2006. Rainfall characteristic of Srinagar Region of Kashmir Valley. Progressive Agriculture (An International Journal), vol 6, N02: 135 138, Aug 2006