"1. A Leading University in Mountain Agriculture"       
Research Activities of Agronomy

Thrust Area

The following shall be the major thrust areas for research and development during the next 5 years:

  1. Increasing field crop productivity of major crops like rice, wheat, maize, pulses (mung cowpea, French bean, lentil, pea etc).
  2. Research and promotional activities on organic farming comprising of following major areas:
  • Development of package of practices for organic farming situations for all crops especially the ones having export value viz. Basmati/scented rice, lentil, soybean, rajmash, sesamum, cotton etc.
  • Evaluation of organic resources like animal dung, crop residues agroindustrial wastes, green manures, biofertilizers, vermi composting etc for sustainable field crop production.
  • Role of crop rotation in sustaining soil fertility and productivity
  • Yield organic matter relationships
  • Rainfed agricultural production in relation to less use of inorganics and more of organics
  • Composting
  • Use of appropriate farm machinery and cultivation techniques which reduces non-removable resources consumption and enhances crop stocks in soil.
  • Decomposition and nutrient release characteristics of organic resources and study of the nature of soil organic carbon.
  • Testing of soil water, organics inputs and organic produce for pollutants like heavy metals and pesticides residues.
  • Establishment of an organic resource data-base

3. Development of packages for enhancement in fodder production and rejuvenation 
    range /pasture
4. Irrigation management in field crops and cropping systems especially with reference to
    high value crops  like saffron and zeera
5. Mineralization and immobilization of nutrients with reference to paddy soils.
6. Yield  maximization in rice through integrated nutrient management etc specific nutrient
    management; studies on lodging resistance; efficient water, tillage and weed interactions
    etc.
7. Studies on physiological determinant of increased yield potential in major cereals, pulses
    and oilseeds of the region.
8. Crop weather modeling for a better understanding of C:W relation and overcome the
    weather/climatic uncertainties.
9. Mechanization for increasing production and productivity of major crops and
    cropping systems of  the temperate region.
10. Precision farming for sustainable rice-wheat cropping system
11. Crop diversification
12. Conservation tillage and crop establishment.
13. Integrated farming systems

Research Projects Completed

S. No.

Title

Name    of  the PI/CoPI

Date of  Start

Date of Completation

1.

Improvement of alpine/subalpine pastures in the state of Jammu and Kashmir

Dr M H Shah

June, 1995

May, 1998

2.

System research to increase the nitrogen use efficiency through integrated approach for rice based cropping system of Kashmir

Dr D K Singh

April 2002

December 2004

3.

Mechanization of Experimental Plots

Dr Badrul Hasan

April,2004

December, 2004

4.

Validation of INFOCROP / ORYZA1-N for simulating growth and yield of rice genotypes under altered growth conditions of temperate Kashmir

Dr. K.N. Singh

April 2004

April 2007

5.

validation and application of the dynamic CERES-Wheat model for simulating the growth and yield of wheat in temperate Kashmir

Dr. Lekh Chand

Sept. 2004

Sept. 2007

Ongoing Research Projects

S. No.

Title

Name of the PI/CoPI

Date of start

Targeted date of completion

1.

Experimental Agromet Advisory Services;

Dr. Badrul Hasan

Sept., 1995

On- going and renewed every year

2.

Standardization of production technology and INM to increase the productivity of  Kala zeera

Dr.Badrul Hasan

April, 2005

March, 2008

Transferable technologies developed

  • The development of technology for raising rice nurseries under low polythene tunnel to avoid low temperature damage.
  • Fine-tuning of transplanting time for rice along with number of seedlings per hill under normal and water- logged agro situations.
  • Nutrient application to transplanted rice especially with reference to nitrogen and phosphorus management worked out.
  • Frequency of phosphorus application in terms of kharif or rabi worked out for the most feasible rice-brown sarson crop rotation
  • Water can be saved by applying irrigation to rice 2 days after disappearance of pounded water.
  • Nutritional requirement of exhaustive cereal-cereal rotation worked out to show that integration of FYM @ 20 t/ ha applied both in kharif and rabi along with inorganic fertilizer could save 25% of NPK and contribute positively to the residual fertility status.
  • Result of varietal evaluation of wheat varieties proved that the cv. 'HS 240' performed better than 'Sonalika' or 'HD-238'. The variety 'HS 240' is also performing better in the farmer's field.
  • Fine tuning of sowing time of brown sarson to show that this crop should be sown by 5th October to realize maximum yields.
  • A soil applied herbicide isoproturon giving best performance in brown sarson and wheat, resulting in complete control of winter weeds.
  • Rice-wheat rotation developed

 Research Publications

  • Singh, K. N., Khan, G. M., Shah, M. H. and Bali, Amarjit. S. 2001. Soil chemical properties as influenced by integrated nutrient management and transplanting dates in rice. SKUAST Journal of Research.3 (1) 1-8.
  • Singh, K.N. Hasan B, Khanday, B.A. and Bhat, A.K. 2005. Effect of nursery fertilization on seedling growth and yield of rice. Indian Journal of Agronomy 50 (3): 187-189
  • Singh, K.N., Bali, A.S., Shah, M.H. and Khanday, B.A. 1991. Effect of spacing and seed rate on yield of green gram (Phaseolus radiatus) in Kashmir valley. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 61(5): 326-27.
  • Singh, K.N., Bali, A.S., Shah, M.H. and Khanday, B.A. 1991. Response of lentil (Lens culinaris) to season, nitrogen and phosphorus under temperate conditions of Kashmir. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 61(11): 799-802.
  • Singh, K.N., Iqbal, P.M, Shah, M.H, Hasan, B. 2005. Effect of sowing time, seed rate and cutting frequency on berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum L.) under temperate conditions. Environment and Ecology  23 (3): 567-571.
  • Singh, L. and Pandey, D.S. 2006. Weed density in association of wheat as influenced by tillage options and herbicide use under rice-wheat cropping system. Environment and Ecology. 2(1) : 212-215.
  • Singh, T., Singh, K.N. and Baba, G.H. 1992. Response of lentil (Lens culinaris) to different levels of nitrogen and phosphorus under rainfed conditions of Kashmir. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 62 (12): 830-1.
  • Singh, T., Singh, K.N. and Bali, A.S. 1992. Response of wheat varieties to nitrogen under rainfed conditions of Kashmir valley. Indian Journal of Agronomy 37 (1): 49-51.
  • Singh, T., Singh, K.N. and Vaid, K.L. 1992. Response of field pea (Pisum sativum) to nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization under rain -fed conditions in Kashmir valley. Indian Journal of Agronomy 37(3): 619-620.
  • Singh, T., Singh, K.N., Bali, Amarjit. S. and Bhatt, G.N. 1995. Response of wheat (Triticum aestivum) genotypes to nitrogen and phosphorus. Indian Journal of Agronomy 40 (1): 99-101.
  • Wani A R. Hasan B and Bali Amarjit S. 1999. Relative efficiency of some modified urea materials in transplanted rice under Kashmir conditions. Oryza 36 (4): 382-83
  • Wani, G. A., Shah, M. H. Bali Amarjit S and Singh, K. N. 2000. Effect of rate and frequency of FYM application and different fertility levels on growth and yield of rice under rice-oat cropping system. SKUAST Journal of Research. 2(2):104-108.
  • Wani, M. A. and Aga, F. A. 2004. Effect of levels and sources of Sulphur on yield and nutrient uptake by Mustard. Annals of Plant and Soil Research, 6(1): 212-215.
  • Wani, M.A; Aga, F. A; Malik, A. and Rather, Z. 2001. Response of sunflower to Sulphur application under Kashmir conditions. Applied Biological Research, 3: 19-22.
  • Wani, Mushtaq A.; Aga, F. A. and Makhdoomi, I. 2004. Influence of boron on yield and quality of rapeseed mustard, SKUAST Journal of Research. 6: 29-34.
  • Hasan, B., Bali, A.S. and Singh, K.N. 1996. Response of late transplanted rice to NPK under irrigated conditions. International Rice Research Newsletter. 21: 70-71.
  • Khan, G.M., Dand, G.M., Shah, M.H., Bali, Amarjit. S. and Singh, K.N. 1996.Response of intercropping system in maize (Zea mays) to irrigation levels in Kashmir valley. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences.66 (5): 272-5.
  • Khan, H.U. and Mattoo, F.A. 2004. Effect of nitrogen fertilizer on the biomass production and quality of oat genotypes. SKUAST Journal of Research 6 (2): 170-173.
  • Khan, H.U., Shah, M.H., Mattoo. F.A. and Lone, A.H. 2002. Effect of sowing dates and cutting stages on biomass production and proved protein content of maize fodder (Zea mays L.) under irrigated and rain fed conditions. SKUAST Journal of Research 4 (2): 216-219.
  • Khanday, B.A., Shah, M.H., Bali, A.S. and Singh, K.N. 1993. Variation in yield and its attributes in Indian mustard in relation to planting time, fertility and plant population. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 63(3): 175-6.
  • Marazi, A.R., Khan, G.M., Singh, K.N. and Bali, A.S. 1993. Response of rice to different nitrogen levels and water regimes in Kashmir valley. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 63(11): 726-7.
  • Mattoo, F.A., Makhdoomi, A.A. and Khan, H.U. 2002. Effect of levels of protein, sources of   roughage and roughage to concentrate ratios on in-vitro methane production. SKUAST  Journal of Research 4 (2): 184-187
  • Mir, H., Khan, H., Salroo, M.Y. and Bhat, G.N. 2005. Effect of sulphur and naphthalene acetic acid on growth, yield, oil and bio chemical parameters of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.). Plant Archives 4 (2): 423-425.
  • Sanyal P K,Uppal P K ,Bhagwan  P S K, Hasan B, Rathore D S and Singh L B.1987. Kid mortality in Malabari goats in sub-temperate regions of Tamil Nadu Indian Journal of Animal Research 21 (1): 27-30.
  • Shah W A and Hasan B. 1999. Grain and fodder yield of oats (Avena sativa) as influenced by nitrogen levels and cutting schedules. Forage Research  24 (4): 185-90.
  • Shah, M. H., Bali Amarjit, S.. and Singh, K. N. 2001. Quantitative contribution of agro-techniques for raising productivity in rice (Oryza sativa L.) SKUAST Journal of Research. 3 (2) 107-110.
  • Shah, M.H. and Singh, K.N. 1988. Comparative yield performance of different varieties of (Avena sativa) as influenced by varying levels of nitrogen and phosphorus under mid-hill conditions in Kashmir valley. Oats NewsLetter, North Dakota, USA 38: 19-20.
  • Shah, M.H. and Singh, K.N. 1989. Effect of cutting dates and nitrogen rates on the forage yield and quality of oat under mid-hill conditions in Kashmir valley. Oats newsletter, North Dakota USA39: 72-73.
  • Shah, M.H. and Singh, K.N. 1989. Evaluation of exotic cultivars for their potentiality in North-western Himalayan region of Kashmir. Indian Journal of Range Management. 10 (2): 131-35.
  • Shah, M.H. and Singh, K.N. 1990. Effect of graded levels of nitrogen on the forage yield of different winter cereals. Oats newsletter, North Dakota, USA 40: 34-35.
  • Shah, M.H., Bali Amarjit, S,Bali, A.S. and Singh, K.N. 2000. Studies on sowing dates and systems of rice nursery raising to combat cold injury in temperate Kashmir. Oryza 37(1): 96-99.
  • Shah, M.H., Bali Amarjit, S., Khanday, B. A., Singh, K. N. and Bali, A. S. 2001. Contribution of production factors on growth, yield and economics of brown sarson (Brassica campestris L) sequence with rice in temperate Kashmir. SKUAST Journal   of Research.3 (1): 1-8.
  • Shah, M.H., Bali, A.S., Khanday, B.A. and Singh, K.N. 1992. Economics of fertilizer management in maize (Zea mays) and the effect on yield under limited moisture resources. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 37(2): 243-245.
  • Shah, M.H., Bali, A.S., Singh, K.N. and Khushu, M.K. 1987. Forage yield of Trifolium alexandrinum as influenced by sowing dates and phosphorus under low land conditions. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 32(4): 465-66.
  • Shah, M.H., Bali, A.S., Singh, K.N. and Koul, P.K. 1988. Effect of levels of nitrogen and phosphorus on forage yield of rainfed MP Chari Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 58 (12): 945-46.
  • Shah, M.H., Dar, N.M, Singh, K.N. and Wani, G.A. 2003. Evaluation of Exotic genotypes of Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) II. Growth pattern, Persistence and nodulation behaviour. SKUAST Journal of Research. 5 (1): 88-93.
  • Shah, M.H., Dar, N.M, Singh, K.N. and Wani,G.A. 2002. Evaluation of Exotic genotypes of Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) I. Biomass potential and herbage quality. SKUAST Journal of Research. 4 (1) 7-11.
  • Shah, M.H., Kachroo, D., Singh, K.N. and Khanday, B.A. 1991. Production potential of mustard and pea in mixed/intercropping system under rainfed conditions.Indian Journal of Agronomy. 36(2): 297-98.
  • Shah, M.H., Khan, G.M., Amarjit, S. Bali., Singh, K.N., Bali, A.S. and Raihana, Kanth. 1999.  Productivity potential of rice (Oryza sativa) based cropping sequences under temperate environment. Indian Journal of Agronomy.44 (1): 12-15.
  • Shah, M.H., Singh, K.N and Bali, A.S. 1989. Evaluation of Oat strains for suitability and production potential under mid-Himalayan conditions of Kashmir valley. Oats newsletter North Dakota, USA 38: 21-23.
  • Shah, M.H., Singh, K.N. and Khushu, M.K. 1988. Impact on forage production potential due to economy in fertilizer use through organic manure under rainfed conditions. Forage Research. 14(2): 101-105.
  • Shah, M.H., Singh, K.N., Kachroo, D. and Khanday, B.A. 1991. Performance of lucerne and sainfoin under different cutting and levels of phosphorus. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 36(1): 61-66.
  • Shah, M.H., Singh, K.N., Khanday, B.A., Zutshi, S.N., Koul, R.N., Sidique, M. and Bali, A.S. 1990. Relative efficacy of different formulations of Butachlor in controlling weeds of transplanted rice. Indian Journal of Weed Sciences. 22 (3&4): 70-73.
  • Singh H, Singh K N and Hassan B. 2007.Evaluation of CERES Rice Model (V.4.0) under Temperate Conditions of Kashmir Valley, India. Cereal Research Communications  35 (4) : 1723-1732.
    Singh K N, Bali A S, Ganai B A and Hasan B. 1994. Optimum spacing and seed rate for lentil (Lens culinaris) in Kashmir. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 64 (6): 392-93.
  • Singh K N, Bali Amarjit S, Hasan B, Shah M H, Bali A S and Khan H U. 1997. Effect of seed rate and nitrogen on biomass and quality of oat (Avena sativa). Indian Journal of Agronomy 42 (2): 310-12.
  • Singh K. N. Chand, L. Shah, M.H., Bali A.S. and Wani, G.A 2003. Nutrient uptake behavior of rice ( Oryza sativa L.) as influenced by transplanting dates, organic manures and nitrogen. SKUAST Journal of Research 5: 235-241
  • Singh, A. K. and Singh, L. 2007. Role of thermal time in rice phenology. Environment & Ecology. 25 (1) : 46-49.
  • Singh, D.K, Chand, L, Singh, K.N. and Singh, J.K. 2006. Effect of different bio fertilizers in combination with chemical fertilizers on pea (Pisum sativum) under temperate Kashmir conditions. Environment and Ecology. 24 S (3) : 684-686.
  • Singh, K. N., Khan, G. M and Shah. M. H. 2005. Effect of transplanting date and nutrient management on yield and spikelet sterility of rice in Kashmir.Oryza.42 (1):37-40.
  • Singh, K. N., Khan, G. M. and Aggarwal, P. K. 2003. Validation of Model ORYZA 1-N under temperate conditions. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences.73 (5):261-5.
  • Singh, K. N., Khan, G. M., Bali Amarjit, S.. and Bali. A. S. 2001. Response of brown sarson (Brassica campestris Subsp. oleifera var. brown sarson) to residual effect of organic manure, nitrogen and
    transplanting dates of rice. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 46 (3):395-399.
  • Bali, A.S., Khan, G.M., Shah, M.H., Singh, K.N. and Singh, T. 1991. Yield behaviour and physio-agronomic character of wheat (Triticum aestivum) and triticale genotypes as influenced by nitrogen fertilization under temperate conditions of Kashmir.  Indian Journal  of Agronomy 36(4): 482-7.
  • Bali, A.S., Rather, N.A., Bali, S. Amarjit., Shah, M.H., Singh, K.N. and Ganai, B.A. 1998. Weed management in rapeseed (Brassica  campestris L.) under temperate condition of Kashmir valley. Indian Journal of Weed Sciences. 30(1&2): 25-27.
  • Bali, A.S., Shah, M.H., Singh, K.N. and Raina, T.S. 1991. Response of maize (Zea mays) composites to planting dates and fertility levels under irrigated conditions of Kashmir valley. Indian Journal of  Agronomy. 36:259-60   (Suppl).
  • Bali, A.S., Singh, K.N. and Bali, Amarjit. S. 1996. Response of rice genotypes to N fertilization under temperate conditions of Kashmir valley International Rice Research News letter.21 (1): 27.
  • Bali, A.S., Singh, K.N. and Khan, G.M. 1993. Effect of transplanting dates on promising genotypes of rice (Oryza sativa) under Kashmir valley conditions. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 37(4): 805-806.
  • Bali, A.S., Singh, K.N., Shah, M.H. and Khanday, B.A. 1991.Effect of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization on yield and plant characters of moong bean (Vigna radiata) under late sown conditions of Kashmir valley. Fertilizer  News. 36 (7): 59-61
  • Bali, A.S., Singh, K.N., Shah, M.H. and Khanday, B.A. 1992. Response of rice (Oryza sativa) to nitrogen in Kashmir. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences.62 (9): 610-1.
  • Bali, A.S., Singh,T., Shah, M.H., Singh, K.N. and Nehvi, F.A. 1992.Respone of Indian mustard to sowing date and fertilizer application. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 62(10): 690-1.
  • Bali, Amarjit S.; Sidique, M.; Ganai, B.A.; Khan, H.U.; Singh, K.N. and Bali, A.S. 1995. Response of rice (Oryza sativa) genotypes to nitrogen level under transplanted conditions in Kashmir valley. Indian Journal of Agronomy 40(1): 35-37
  • Bali, Amarjit. S., Ganai, B.A., Singh, K.N. and Kotru, R. 1994. Weed control in transplanted rice (Oryza sativa). Indian Journal of Agronomy 39(1): 16-18.
  • Bali, Amarjit. S., Kanth, Raihana. Habib., Singh, K.N., Bali,  A. S. and Shah, M. H. 2000. Behaviour of rice under different transplanting and irrigation schedules in Kashmir Valley. SKUAST Journal of Research 2(1): 37-42.
  • Bhat, M. D., Singh, K. N., Bali, Amarjit. S. and Shah, M. H. 2000. Studies on grain yield of oat (Avena sativa L.) as influenced by sowing time and nitrogen levels under temperate conditions of Kashmir. Indian Journal of Agronomy.45 (1): 199-204.
  • Bhat, M.A; Salroo, M.Y; Mushki, G.M; Sheikh, F.A and Aga, F.A. 2003. Response of brown Sarson cultivars to sowing dates under temperate conditions of Kashmir. Agric. Biol. Research, 19 (2): 75-78.
  • Chand, L. Shah, M.H. and Singh, K.N. 2004. Response of soybean (Glycine max L.) to phosphorus solubilizing bacteria with graded levels of phosphorus and sulphur, SKUAST Journal of Research 6:264-68 
      
    Aga, F.A., Wani, M.A., Singh, K.N. and Shah, M.H. 2003. Response of Maize (Zea mays L.) and beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Intercropping to nitrogen and row spacing. SKUAST Journal of Research. 5 (1): 33-38.
    Aga, F.A; Khanday, B.A; Wani, G. A. and Shah, M.H. 2002. Intercropping of forage cowpea with grain and fodder maize under rain-fed conditions of Kashmir Valley. SKUAST Journal of Research. 4: 125-130.
  • Aga, F.A; Singh, J.K and Rehman, F.H. 2005. Fertility management and organic mulches on Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) under rain-fed conditions of Kashmir. J. Sust. Pest Management, 8: 60-62.
  • Aga, F.A; Singh, J.K; Singh; D.K and Peer, F.A. 2004. Effect of different levels of compost and phosphorous on growth and yield of pea under rain-fed conditions. Environment and Ecology, 22(2): 353-356.
  • Amarjeet S.Bali and Sameera Qayoom 2002. Effect of weed control measures and   nitrogen levels on the growth and yield of brown sarson (Brassics Campestris L.) in rice based cropping system under temperate climatic conditions. Journal of Research, SKUAST -J
  • Bali A S, Shah M H, Bali Amarjit, S and Hasan B. 2001. Effect of planting density on brown sarson (Brassica campestris subsp. oleifera var. brown sarson) under different levels of nitrogen and phosphorus. Indian Journal of Agronomy 45(1):174-78.
  • Bali A S, Singh K N, Bali Amarjit S,  Ganai B A and Hasan B. 1995. Effect of transplanting dates, number and age of seedling on rice (Oryza sativa) Indian Journal of Agronomy 40 (3): 504-6.
  • Bali Amarjit S, Shah M H, Bali A S, Hasan B, Singh K N and Kanth R. 1997. Effect of weed control and irrigation regimes on transplanted rice (Oryza sativa) in Kashmir valley. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 67 (10): 451-54.
  • Bali Amarjit S, Shah M H, Hasan B, Bali A S and Singh K N. 1998. Influence of     various N, P and seed rates on herbage yield and quality of newly released oat genotype SK O 7 in temperate Kashmir. Forage Research 24: 67-70.
     
     
      
     

 

 
 
 
 
 
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