"1. A Leading University in Mountain Agriculture"      
Research Activities of Plant Breeding & Genetics

 Thrust Area

Development of HYV in Rice, Maize, Wheat, Fodder Oats, Brown sarson and Pulses, (Moong bean, Cowpea, Rajmash, Pea, Lentil).

Research Projects Completed  (Externally Funded)

S.No.  Title of the ProjectName of PI/CoPIDate of StartDate of Completion 

National Agricultural Technology Project on Sustainable Management of Plant Biodiversity

Dr. Shafiq A. Wani Sep. 1995

 March, 2005

 2. Evaluation and Identification of Short Duration High Yielding Maize Varieties for Higher Elevation with Inbuilt Tolerance to turcicum Blight and ColdDr. Gul ZaffarSep., 2002 March, 2005
 3.  Development of Varieties Resistant to Blast (Pyricularia grisea) in RiceDr. Mushtaq Ahmad,

Mr. Ali Anwar,

Dr. Shafiq A. Wan       
 2005 (Kharif) -
 4.Evaluation and Characterization of Local Pulses Germplasm for Yield and Yield Component TraitsDr. M.N. Khan,

Dr. Shafiq A. Wani
 2005 (Kharif) -
 5.Effective Stage of Seed Treatment for Control of Seed Borne Diseases and Their Effect on Seed Quality Dr. M.A. Malik2005 (Kharif) -
 6. Seed Production Technology for W3 x W5 Maize, Single Cross HybridDr. Shafiq A. Wani 2005 (Kharif) -
 7.Induction of Colchiploidy in Saffron Dr. Gul Zaffar,

Dr. F.A. Nehvi,

Dr. Shafiq A. Wani
2005 (Kharif) -
 8.Seed Treatment and Packaging of Wheat and Brown Sarson for Enhancing Storage Life in Gowdown and Planting Value of Seed Dr. M.A. Malik 2004 (Rabi) -

Influence of Fungicidal Seed Treatment on Storability of Pea Seed

Dr. M.A. Malik 2005 (Rabi) -
 10.Evaluation and identification of high yielding early maturity and disease/pest resistant soybean genotypes.Dr. M.N. Khan,

Dr. S.A. Wani
 2008 (Rabi) -

Ongoing Research Projects (Externally Funded)

S.No. Title of the Project  Name of PI/CoPI Date of Start Target Date of Completion
 1. Development of High Yielding Varieties and Production Technologies for Realizing Higher Yield in Kala Zeera (Bunium persicum Boiss)Dr. N.A. Zeerak April, 2003 March, 2008
 2.Development of Tissue Culture Protocol for Mass Multiplication of Micro-Corms in Saffron (Crocus sativus L) and Micro-Tubers in Kala Zeera (Bunium persicum Bioss)Dr. Gul ZaffarApril, 2006  March, 2008
 3. Characterization of pathogenic races of  Phaeoisariopsis griseol and marker assisted selection for the transfer of angular leaf spot resistant genes in commercial cultivars of (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Dr. M. Ashraf Bhat2008 (Rabi) -

Ongoing RCM Approved Research Experiments for rabi 2007-08 at Shalimar

Code No.

Title of Experiment

A)  Crop Improvement in Rapeseed-Mustard


Collection, evaluation and maintenance of oilseed germplasm


Advanced varietal Trial in brown sarson (Brassica campestris)-multi-location.

PBG-28. L.3

Initial Evaluation Trial (IET)-Brown sarson


Initial Evaluation Trial (IET) in Ghobi sarson (Brassica napus L.)-multi-location.

PBG-40. L.5

Advanced Varietal Trial (AVT) in Gobhi sarson (Brassica napus L.) multi-location.

B)  Wheat Improvement Project


Collection, evaluation and maintenance of Wheat germplasm.

PBG-36. L.10

Preliminary Varietal Trial (PVT) in spring wheat


Advanced Varietal Trial (AVT)

PBG -34. L.12

Initial Evaluation Trial (IVT-early maturity)


Advanced Varietal Trial (AVT) in early maturity “multi-location

PBG -38.L-14

Initial Evaluation Trial (IET)-Winter Wheat

C) Improvement of Fodder/Forage Crops

PBG-30. L-15

Evaluation of exotic fodder oats germpalsm accessions.


Initial Evaluation Trial on fodder oats

PBG-26. L-17

Advanced Varietal Trial-II


Advanced Varietal Trail on fodder oats    (AVT-I) “Multi-location

D)  Seed Technology Research


Diagnostic characters of some released/pre-released varieties of brown sarson, fodder oats and wheat for seed production purposes.


Development of pre-sowing seed treatment for improvement of germination and better crop establishment in brown sarson.


Influence of fungicidal seed treatment on storability of pea seeds


Effect of seed treatment on storability of maize (C6) with different fungicides.

E)  Zeera Improvement (Zeera Research Station, Gurez)


Effect of  seed  tuber  lifting  age  and  spacing   on       the yield and productivity of Kala-Zeera


Effect of organic manures and chemicals on seed yield and quality parameters of Kala  zeera.


Mass multiplication of root tubers of different  ecotypes of Kala zeera from seed.


Germplasm collection, maintenance and  evaluation in Kala-Zeera  (Bunium persicum  Bioss).


Enhancing seed germination in Kala-zeera

Ongoing RCM Approved Research Experiments of kharif  2008 at Shalimar

Code No.

Title of Experiment

A)  Rice improvement programme


Advanced yield trial in Rice (Multilocation)


District yield Trial (Multilocation)

PBG-37. L.7

Investigation regarding development of hybrid rice for Kashmir Valley conditions


Development of Brown spot resistant varieties of rice for cultivation under Kashmir Valley conditions

B)  Maize Improvement Programme

PBG-25. L.18

Advanced varietal Trial (composite) in Maize (Multilocation)


Development of high yielding maize hybrid/ synthetics for cultivation under Kashmir Valley conditions


Development of turcicum leaf  blight resistance  maize composite/hybrids for cultivation in J&K State.

C)  Pulses Improvement Programme


Collection, evaluation and maintenance of moong germplasm

PBG-37. L.43

Advanced Varietal Trial in Moong (Multilocation)


Advanced Varietal Trial in Cowpea (Multilocation)

PBG -33. L.51

Advanced Varietal Trial in Soybean (Multilocation)

D) Saffron Improvement Programme

PBG-25. L. 57

Inductions of mutation in saffron

E)  Seed Technology Research


Varietal identification of rice genotypes at morphological level.


Monitoring and detection of false smut in rice


Pre-sowing seed treatment for invigoration and better crop establishment mize.

New Proposals  


Development of Brown spot resistant varieties of rice for cultivation under Kashmir valley conditions


Development of Quality Protein Maize (QPM) varieties for Kashmir conditions


Development of Turcicum leaf blight resistance maize composites/ hybrids for cultivation in J&K State

Crop Varieties Developed and Released for Jammu and Kashmir Region



Released for the region

Salient  features







Recommended for lower belts of Kashmir valley up to 1650 m. asml.

Medium tall variety; Erect and compact plant type; Erect flag leaf angle; awnless; grains bold; Non-scented; non glutensess; average yield: 60-65 ha-1

Moderately susceptible to blast and Helminthosporiun


Suitable for lower belts of Kashmir valley and mid elevations of Jammu

Medium tall; erect and compact plant type; intermediates flag leaf angle; Medium bold grains and non-scented;
Yield potential 6-6-5 t/ ha; matures in 135-141 days. Tolerant to cold at seedlings stages.

Moderately susceptible  to Helminthosporium, brown spot and blast.


Suitable for Kashmir valley upto 1650 m amsl.

Medium tall variety; intermediate flag leaf; short and bold grains; yields 5-5.5 t/ha; matures to 136-140 days.
Resistant to pests and insect damage; tolerant to cold; moderately resistant to blast.

i.  Shattering susceptible
ii. Lodging susceptible


Suitable for lower belts of valley upto 1650 m ansl.

Medium tall; Profuse tillering; grains bold and longer; yield potential 5.8-6.d2 t/ha. Easy thresh ability; short maturity period

Moderately susceptible to blast; Helminthosporium susceptible to lodging.






Suitable for higher belts of the valley

Erect and compact plant type; yield potential 4.5-5.5 t/ha; cold tolerant;  non-shattering

Threshing difficult


Suitable for upper belts of J&K State upto 2196 m amsl

Medium tall variety and bold grains, Matures in 130-140 days; yields 4-4.4 t/ha;  cold tolerant.

Lodging susceptible


Suitable for higher belts of the Kashmir Valley

Bold Grains; easy threshability; fertilizer responsive; yields 4-4.5 t/ha. Non-shattering, cold tolerant.

Moderately susceptible to blast


Recommended for lower belts of the valley of Kashmir

Early maturity; high yielding; (6-7 t/ha) fertilizer responsive;

Shows considerable tolerant to  blast









For lower belts of valley and intermediate zone of Jammu region.

Orange-yellow; flint grains; maturity period 155-160 days in temperate zone and 125-130 days in intermediate zone, yields 4-5 t/ha.



Recommended for lower and higher belts of Kashmir and Jammu regions, respectively.

Creamy white grains variety; yield potential 5-6 t/ha; maturity period 150-155 days in temperate and 110-115 days in intermediate zone



Recommended  for lower and higher attitudes of Kashmir Valley

Orange to orange yellow grains; Early maturity; (135-140 days) in the  Valley and 100-110 days in intermediate zone. Yield potential 5-5.5 t/ha.



Suitable for higher elevations in temperate zone

Early maturity; orange yellow grains; yields 4-4.5 t/ha



Recommended for cultivation in all the three zones of J&K State.

Grains orange yellow; yield 5-6 t/ha; tolerant to turcicum blight.


Shalimar- KG-1

Recommended for cultivation in cold hill areas

Extra early maturity; yields 4-4.5 t/ha; tolerant to leaf blight.

Suitable for problematic areas of Gurez, Machil etc.


Recommended for cultivation in cold hill areas

Extra early maturity; yields 3.5-4 t/ha; tolerant to leaf blight.




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